Finding images on Google Images
Finding images on the Wikimedia Commons
Finding images on the Flickr Creative Commons
Basic Format for an Electronic Image
Author (Role of Author). (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of work], Retrieved from URL (address of web site)
Branson, Bill (Photographer). (1988). Nurse with patient [Color photograph], Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nurse_with_patient.jpg
Basic Format for an Electronic Image (No Author)
Title of work [Type of work]. (Year image was created). Retrieved from URL (address of web site)
Gatsby's wheels [Photograph]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://momentumoffailure.wordpress.com/2010/04/08/dress-the-part-the-great-gatsby-style/
(Gatsby's wheels, n.d.)
Basic Format for an Electronic Image (No Author, No Title, No Date)
[Subject and type of work]. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)
[Autism awareness ribbon illustration]. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Autism_Awareness_Ribbon.png
(Autism awareness ribbon illustration)
NOTE: Many images found on the web fall under this category but it is still your responsibility to look for the information to fill in gaps if possible. Sometimes a reverse Google image search can help you find the original source (in Chrome, right click an image and select "Search Google for this image")
Did you know it's copyright infringement to use a licensed song in your YouTube, Instagram, or Facebook video? Not only that, but different social media platforms are getting better about recognizing copyrighted audio material in the videos its users upload. If you're lucky, they'll just remove the video, but the consequences could be worse.
Put your mind at ease and try these creative commons audio resources (remember: you still have to cite the artist!):
Alexander Street Press provides a number of different collections, listed below. You can use these tracks for educational purposes but remember, you still need to cite them!
Note: The built in citation tool in Alexander Street Press is not very accurate, use it with caution! NoodleBib is much better. Or use the guidelines on the next tab to generate your own citations.
As a general guideline, use this format for audio citations:
Songwriter Last Name, First Name. (Date of copyright). Title of song [Recorded by artist if different from song writer]. On Title of album [Medium of recording]. Location: Label. (Recording date if different from copyright date).
*Example (Song on a CD):
Taupin, B. (1975). Someone saved my life tonight [Recorded by Elton John]. On Captain fantastic and the brown dirt cowboy [CD]. London, England: Big Pig Music Limited.
*This example is from Purdue OWL's section on music recordings
Example (Song on a CD, no "recorded by" artist):
Brown, J. (2005). Try me. On James Brown: Live! [CD]. Cincinnati, OH: King Records.
Example (Streaming a song from a database):
Brown, J. (2005). Try me. On James Brown: Live! [Streaming Audio]. Cincinnati, OH: King Records. Retrieved May 9, 2016, from Music Online: American Song.
Include as much of this information as possible - this might involve some legwork!
Format for a YouTube (or similar platform) video:
Author, A. A. [screen name]. (Date). Title of video. Retrieved from http://url
Claiborne, J. [SweetPotatoSoul]. (2016, July 11). What I eat in a day | Vegan breakfast all day. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KdpcbyxPHo0
Format for a YouTube (or similar platform) video with screen name but no author/creator:
Screen name. (Date). Title of video. Retrieved from
Veritasium. (2016, November 28). What the Fahrenheit?! Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LgrXd0NM2y8
*Make sure you can't actually find the creator's name, do a little clicking around before you decide to exclude it.
Basic Format for a Motion Picture:
Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date). Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio or distributor
Kurtz, G. (Producer), & Lucas, G. (Director). (1977). Star wars: Episode IV - A new hope [Motion picture]. United States: 20th Century Fox.
(Kurtz & Lucas, 1977)
Basic Format for a Motion Picture with Multiple Producers:
Producer, P. P., & Producer2, P2. P2. (Producers), Director, D. D. (Director). (Date). Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio or distributor
Romanski, A., Gardner, D., & Kleiner, J. (Producers), Jenkins, B. (Director). (2016). Moonlight [Motion picture]. United States: A24.
(Romanski, Gardner, Kleiner, & Jenkins, 2016)
*For examples of television series, individual television episodes,general television broadcasts, etc. please check Purdue OWL's page (scroll to the bottom): https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/11/