Skip to main content

Citing Sources: How Do I Cite This?

Technical Reports

Students working on evidence-based assignments often need to cite technical reviews or technical reports. These can be cited in a few different ways. This citation of an AHRQ technical review was generated using NoodleBib and is one example of how we recommend citing these types of sources.

Shojania, K. G., McDonald, K. M., Wachter, R. M., & Owens, D. K. (Eds.). (2004, August). Closing the quality gap: A critical analysis of quality improvement strategies (Vol. 1: Series Overview and Methodology) (AHRQ Technical Review No. 04-0051-1). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK43908/pdf/TOC.pdf

10-K Reports

Students in Management classes often use 10-K reports to obtain valuable information about companies. A 10-K report is similar to a company's annual report but it offers more detailed information about the business, finances, and management. (It includes legal documents, and information about lawsuits the company is involved in). Publicly traded companies must file a 10-K report each year with the SEC.

Look for citation examples at the the library website of California State University - San Marcos (http://biblio.csusm.edu/).

Reference List Citations:
APA 5th edition
Arrow International, Inc. (2009). 10-K Annual Report 2009. Retrieved February 25, 2010, from Mergent Online database.
Arrow International, Inc. (2009). 10-K Annual Report 2009. Retrieved February 25, 2010, from SEC EDGAR website.

APA 6th edition
Arrow International, Inc. (2009). 10-K Annual Report 2009. Retrieved from Mergent Online database http://www.mergentonline.com/
Arrow International, Inc. (2009). 10-K Annual Report 2009. Retrieved from SEC EDGAR website http://www.sec.gov/edgar.shtml

In-Text Citation Example:
In this sentence, pretend I use some information that I need to cite such as a quote, concept, or statistical data. (Arrow International, Inc. 2009)

Lecture Notes

The library at Villanova University refers to Purdue's Online Writing Lab in proposing an APA citation of notes from a class lecture. Read their Q&A on the topic here or here

As the Villanova website says one approach to citing personal notes from a class lecture could refer to them as “personal communication” because it includes "unrecoverable data." 

The 6th edition of the APA manual (one page 179) states personal communications are only cited within the text and are not included in the reference list.

In-text citation:
(A. B. Smith, PSY 235 lecture, November 16, 2002)

NoodleBib

NoodleTools helps create accurate citations, reference lists, and annotated bibliographies. For best results, we recommend that you use it in conjugation with the APA manual or Purdue’s Online Writing Lab (OWL).

NoodleTools icon

Need more resources? Visit the library's Citing Sources LibGuide.

Citing Government Documents

NoodleTools icon
NoodleTools is available to Alverno students and can be used to create APA citations for legal and government documents - including State and U.S. bills and resolutions.

APA manual
The Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA manual) provides examples of how to cite legal and legislative materials. Copies of the manual are available at the Alverno Library.

The bluebook
For guidelines on how to cite legislative materials, the APA manual recommends consulting The Bluebook: A uniform system of citation. Questions about citing a state bill or resolution? This excerpt from the Bluebook will help.

Cornell University icon
Use the APA menu on the Cornell University Library LibGuides to find examples of how to cite government documents.

Library Information

Need more help?

-Stop in for 1-on-1 help. Hours & Location.
-Send us an email.
-Call the reference desk at (414)382-6062.
-Library Home Page.
-Library Staff Directory.