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Citing Sources: How Do I Cite This?

Provides access to Alverno's APA Moodle course and the course's resources.

Technical Reports

Students working on evidence-based assignments often need to cite technical reviews or technical reports. These can be cited in a few different ways. 


For current guidance on how to cite reports with an author, consult this page from the APA Style Blog:


For recommendations on citing reports without an author, consult this page from the APA Style Blog:

10-K Reports

Students in Management classes often use 10-K reports to obtain valuable information about companies. A 10-K report is similar to a company's annual report but it offers more detailed information about the business, finances, and management. (It includes legal documents, and information about lawsuits the company is involved in). Publicly traded companies must file a 10-K report each year with the SEC.

APA 7th edition
Microsoft Corporation. (2018). Form 10-K 2018. Retrieved from Mergent Online database.

In-Text Citation Example:
In this sentence, pretend I use some information that I need to cite such as a quote, concept, or statistical data. (Arrow International, Inc. 2009)

Lecture Notes

One approach to citing personal notes from a class lecture could refer to them as “personal communication” because it includes "unrecoverable data." 

In-text citation:
(A. B. Smith, PSY 235 lecture, November 16, 2002)

For more information about citing in-class PowerPoint Slides, refer to the guidance in the APA 7 Manual.


NoodleTools helps create accurate citations, reference lists, and annotated bibliographies. For best results, use it in conjugation with the APA manual or the APA Style website.

NoodleTools icon

Need more resources? Visit the library's Citing Sources LibGuide.

Citing Government Documents

This document has examples of citations for a federal bill and Wisconsin state bill.
NoodleTools icon
NoodleTools is available to Alverno students and can be used to create APA citations for legal and government documents - including state and U.S. bills and resolutions.

APA manual
The Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA manual) provides examples of how to cite legal and legislative materials. Copies of the manual are available at the Alverno Library.

The bluebook
For guidelines on how to cite legislative materials, the APA manual recommends consulting The Bluebook: A uniform system of citation. Questions about citing a state bill or resolution? This excerpt from the Bluebook will help.

Cornell University icon
Use the APA menu on the Cornell University Library LibGuides to find examples of how to cite government documents.

Library Information

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