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How to Cite in APA 7

Videos

Streaming Video from a Website, such as YouTube and Vimeo
Reference List Citation

Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. or user name of person or group who uploaded the video. (Year video was posted, Month Day). Title of video in sentence case [Video]. Website Name with Major Words Capitalized. https://url.com


Examples

Sprouts. (2020, February 28). Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development: How relationships increase learning [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8I2hrSRbmHE

TED. (2020, October 7). What role does luck play in your life? | Barry Schwartz [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/nm75Fz6D5nA

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Last Name or User Name of person or group who uploaded the video, Year, Timestamp for beginning of quote)


Examples

(Sprouts, 2020, 1:15)

(TED, 2020, 1:07)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Creator's Last Name, Year)


Examples

(Sprouts, 2020)

(TED, 2020)

TED Talk from TED Website
Reference List Citation

Last Name of Speaker, First Initial. Second Initial, if given. (Year video was posted, Month Day). Title of video in sentence case [Video]. Name of TED Event with Major Words Capitalized. URL


Example

Holder, C. (2020, March). The link between climate change, health and poverty [Video]. TEDMED 2020. https://www.ted.com/talks/cheryl_holder_the_link_between_climate_change_health_and_poverty

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Last Name, Year, Timestamp for beginning of quote)


Examples

(Holder, 2020, 1:15)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Last Name, Year)


Examples

(Holder, 2020)

Streaming Video from a Library Database
Reference List Citation

Director's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if known. (Director). (Year video was created, Month Day if known). Title of video in sentence case [Video]. Production Company with Major Words Capitalized.


Example

David, C. (Director) (2019). Drawn this way [Video]. Border2Border Entertainment.

Note: If the director is unknown, another person such as a producer or host can be cited instead. If the person is not the director, list their role where you would normally put the word Director. Use the same wording as how they were credited in the video.

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Director's Last Name, Year, Time stamp for beginning of quote)


Example

Example: (David, 2019, 1:45)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Director's Last Name, Year)


Example

Example: (David, 2019)

Movies & Documentaries
Reference List Citation

Director's Last Name, Year, First Initial. Second Initial if given. (Job Title). (Year the movie was produced). Title of movie in sentence case: Subtitle if any [Film]. Production Company with Major Words Capitalized. URL for movie (if applicable).


Example

Slade, D. (Director). (2010). The twilight saga: Eclipse [FIlm]. Summit Entertainment.

Note: If the director is unknown, another person such as a producer can be cited instead. If the person is not the director, list their role where you would normally put the word Director. Use the same wording as how they were credited in the video.

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Director's Last Name, Year, Time stamp for beginning of quote)


Example

(Slade, 2010, 37:06)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Director's Last Name, Year)


Example

(Slade, 2010)

TV Series Episode
Reference List Citation

Writer's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if given.(Writer), & Director's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if given. (Director). (Year, Month Day the episode was originally aired or posted). Title of episode in sentence case [TV series episode]. In Executive Producer's First Initial. Last Name (Executive Producer) if known, Television series name in sentence case. Production Company Name(s).


Example

Fortenberry, D. (Writer), Miller, B. (Writer), & Skogland, K. (Director). (2018, May 2.). Baggage [TV series episode]. In Littlefield, W., Miller B., Moss, E. (Executive Producers), The handmaid's tale. Relentless Productions; Daniel Wilson Productions; Littlefield Company; White Oak Pictures; MGM-TV; Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Writer's Last Name & Director's Last Name, Year, Time stamp for beginning of quote)


Example

(Fortenberry et al., 2018, 17:19)

Note: As there are more than two people listed as writers and/or directors then only the first person's last name is used followed by et al. 

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Writer's Last Name & Director's Last Name, Year)


Example

(Fortenberry et al., 2018)

Note: As there are more than two people listed as writers and/or directors then only the first person's last name is used followed by et al. 

TV Series
Reference List Citation

Executive Producers' Last Names, First Initials. (Executive Producers). (Years series aired). Television series name [TV series]. Production Company Name(s).


Example

Landress, I. S., Messick, K., Rich, F., Ferrell, W., McKay, A., & Armstrong, J. (Executive Producers). 2018 - present). Succession [TV series]. Gary Sanchez Productions; Hyperobject Industries; Project Zeus.

Note: If a series has ended put the last year it aired in place of the word "present" in the date". 

In-Text Citation: Quote

(Executive Producer's Last Name(s), Years aired)


Example

(Landress et al., 2018-present)

In-Text Citation: Paraphrase

(Executive Producer's Last Name(s), Years aired)


Example

(Landress et al., 2018-present)